The vines of this species often attach themselves to walls and pipes of buildings and can be very difficult to remove. Jesus is also said to have cursed a fig tree for not bearing any fruit. In other parts of the world, the tree is also known as the strangler figs owing to their way of growing. Many plant owners either use their fingers to test the dryness of the soil, while others opt for a water meter. Avoid changing the location of the plant frequently. There are a number of Ficus elastica varieties grown successfully indoors which includes, "the most common one" F.elastica decora (has shiny leather type leaves which grow to a foot long), F.elastica robusta (has larger leaves than decora), F.elastica black prince or burgundy (has near black reddish leaves) and a selection of variegated types. Ficus elastica ‘Decora’: This variety grows dark green leaves that are thick and glossy. Ficus fruit. In this video I share with you my care tips for one of my favorite houseplants today. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Ficus elastica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Moreover, the vines here grow to the amazing lengths of 15 feet to 20 feet. It belongs to the Moraceae family (Mulberry-like species). Nowadays it is hard to find an old-fashioned India rubber tree (Ficus elastica), because it has been replaced by … It grows as much as 1½ feet (45 cm) in length. The plants and vines of this species are often used in gardening as ornamental plants, by being be trained and coiled around wireframes in order to create topiaries and pieces of horticultural art. Because of this, these trees are often preferred for plantation in places where shades are needed. Native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus is a delightful, indoor house plant with small, lush green leaves with a leathery feel. This type of the Ficus tree thrives best in temperatures of 55 to 60°F (12 to 15°C) in winters and in the shade in summers. 1. Ficus trees also hold great importance in Buddhism and Hinduism. To know more about growing and caring for rubber plants, click here! It grows best in free-drained soils. Exotic Angel® Plants. The Ficus lyrata, or Fiddleleaf Fig, is revered in the groovy design world but we know many find it a challenge to grow. Also, at times, referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is in fact a twisting aerial root on which leaves grow directly and not really a tree or shrub. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. This plant can ascend anywhere from 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m) in height. Other Names: Weeping Fig, Benjamin Fig, Ficus Tree. Their branches form roots, which ultimately extend towards the ground and help the tree become independent. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. 8 Types of Indoor Ficus Plants | Best Ficus Trees for Home. Because of their growth patterns, these trees are categorized as epiphytic trees. Species of Ficus, such as the sacred fig trees of Pipal, Bodhi, Ficus religiosa, and the banyan fig have long been considered as holy trees. Native to the tropical regions of Africa, African Fig is a small, pretty plant, with dark green rounded leaves and an attractive, flashy green foliage. The Rubber Plant is also known as Ficus elastica and Rubber Tree. Pests. 1. The F. benghalensis trees have the tendency to grow to significant heights. Because the pollinator wasp is not yet present, F. elastica seeds are not viable. The F. congesta trees are locally called by names such as the congested fig trees, the Satterthwaite fig, and the red leafed figs. Botanical Name: Ficus pumila Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. Like many houseplants, it’s still susceptible to a few different types of pests and diseases. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. The Buddha is said to have found enlightenment while meditating under a Ficus tree. Rubber tree plant is one common name for Ficus elastica, a species of large tree native to parts of India and Indonesia. Other Names: Ficus callescens, Ficus nyanzensis, Ficus rhynchocarpa, Ficus rederi, River’s Gift. Weeping fig is an attractive plant with a tree-like structure, slenderly elongated branches, and dark-glossy-green leaves with pointed ends. In fact, it can reach as tall as 13 feet (4 meters). Ficus elastica ‘Doescheri’ Extremely decorative variety with green and cream-white leaves. Avoid it’s exposure to sudden temperature variations. The F.benjamina can grow at a rapid rate when grown in a well light habitat. You have entered an incorrect email address! Fiddle Leaf Fig. Another popular choice for home decorating is the beautiful fiddle leaf fig. Water the plants moderately and avoid overwatering. 4. Ficus are getting their moment in the proverbial sun with the current love affair with the Fiddle Leaf Fig. It has dark-green leaves and a ginger-shaped fat trunk with aerial roots, making it an ideal bonsai specimen. Its vine can thrive in hot and arid habitats with little or even no water. Ficus elastica is their botanical name and besides Rubber Plant, they ‘re also called Rubber Tree, Rubber Fig and India Rubber Tree. Avoid exposure to bright and direct sunlight, as it can burn the leaves. Rubber plants have thick, deep green leaves, purple or pink stipules and small fruits. Yellowing and leaf loss can occur with sudden temperature changes. The Ficus macrophylla specie is one of the biggest species of the Ficus trees genus. The fruits of this … Ficus Elastica from the Moraceae family goes by many different names depending on the country, but the most commonly used worldwide is rubber fig or rubber tree. It is a delightful indoor houseplant, commonly grown in the Southeast Asian regions. Other Names: Rubber Bush, Rubber Fig and Rubber Plant. And if you’re just planning to plant a tree so that you can enjoy its delectable fruit, then you need to know which one’s the best one to go for. While it is not possible to discuss each type at length in this article, we have curated a list of all the common and important types of Ficus trees. The F. carica is very rich in vitamins and minerals, which is why most of the people choose to eat its fruit not fresh but dried. Probably, it is one of the most easygoing types of ficus. The Ficus elastica is the one Ficus that I have included on my list of best house plants. These are harder to come by because they're trickier to keep looking great in homes as you can't skimp on the care requirement of bright light. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. Types of Ficus Trees. Botanical Name: Ficus benghalensis Audrey, Other Names: Banyan Tree, Strangler Fig, Audrey. Red Leaf Fig (Ficus congesta) Ficus congesta is a smallish rainforest fig tree. 5. The origin of the Ficus is from South-East Asia, you can find this plant mainly in Indonesia. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The F.elastica can grow as tall as 130 feet (40 meters) and features large, polished leaves that sometimes sport the same blotches as F. banjamina. They are able to do this by a process called parthenocarpy. Ficus Ginseng is a popular indoor houseplant native to the tropical regions of Asia and Africa. With your newly acquired knowledge of all the important types of Ficus trees, you can now go shopping for houseplants or even start looking for trees for a plant drive confidently. This Ficus tree category is considered to be trendy and is often used as an ornamental piece.
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