Basil cultivars are cultivated varieties of basil. Growing only up to 8 inches, it’s a small bushy variety of basil that is native to Southeast Asia. While growing basil indoors is an easy endeavor, the vigorous growth of plants may require frequent repotting. If you’re a basil lover, you’ll love to grow these basil varieties. A light potting medium is suitable for planting. All of them are edible and perfect for growing in containers. Like other basil varieties, it also needs plenty of sunlight to thrive. This plant is very susceptible to frost damage so move it indoors at the first sign of frost. You can rely on this basil even late in the season as it remains productive. Best for: Adding color to … Learn more about basil in this article. The enchanting beauty of this variety and its edible merits make it must-have basil. The ruffled and fringed leaves of this basil are very engaging. However, for the optimum growth, water regularly and use light and well-drained soil. It’s not as ornamental as other basil varieties but forms beautiful white spikes that are tall and appealing. Basil attracts bees and other beneficial insects to the garden. Foliage is tender light green and plant grows 20-24 inches in height. Like the other varieties of basil, it can deliver a wide array of health benefits, which will include the following:. Ranging from green to purple the herb can attain a height of 12-18 inches. Learn how to grow it here. With this type of lighting, basil plants will need about 10 hours of light for healthy growth. This type of basil holds up well to high-temperature cooking, so don’t be afraid to add it to your favorite stir-fry recipe. Sometimes the lifespan of the basil plant can be short, so harvest away, basil lovers. It can also be used to repel mosquitoes. Are The Scary Looking Earwigs a Garden Pest or a Friend? It looks like celosia but still, you can use it in your kitchen in recipes. Basil is easy to grow, but it only grows outdoors in the summer—and only once the soil has warmed up nicely—so plan accordingly. 18 Types of Basil to Grow for Cooking & Medicinal Uses |... 16 DIY Indoor Window Garden Ideas For Urban Gardeners, 10 Indoor Plants that Absorb CO2 at Night, 20 Unique Indoor Plants in Hanging Baskets Ideas, 11 Easiest Indoor Blooming Houseplants to Grow. 2. This small and bushy basil is a great option for any container gardener. Sun requirements: Full sun. May 9, 2019 - Explore Grow Herbs Garden's board "Types of Basil", followed by 106 people on Pinterest. The leaves are pointed and can be used in garnishes, salads, meat dishes or soups, and tomato dishes. If there is a variety of basil which stands out among other basil varieties, this is the one. This type of basil is probably the most common one as it is used in pesto, salads, and marinades. The extremely aromatic leaves also have a delightful variety of flavors, from the slightly lemony-mint of sweet basil to cinnamon, and licorice. See more ideas about Types of basil, Basil, Basil plant. In general, basil doesn’t need … Work it into pesto, sauces, salads, herbal dishes as well as in drinks and teas. Also, the more aromatic and spicy flavor makes it a great ingredient in several Italian dishes and pesto recipes. The leaves are smaller and pointier, and the plant produces beautiful purple flowers. Popular in the cuisines of Southeast Asia–Thai basil has a touch of licorice with a strong flavor. Red Basil and Its Benefits for the Health. There are numerous types of basil and choosing one comes down to what you’re going to use it for and what your taste preference is. Mexican spicy basil is another name of this basil. Some varieties are stronger tasting than others, and some are sweeter. It’s a flavorful cooking herb and you’ll many lime basil uses on the web. The purplish stems… However, basil grown indoors can also be given both sun and artificial lighting by alternating so many hours in each. Why Causes Plant Bolting? Add a phosphorus-rich fertilizer in the first week of planting. It’s a mix of Thai and Genovese basil. Holy Basil is a type of basil but has its unique taste and a whole culture associated with it. Add lemon basil to the ice tea for warm lemon flavor and to it make it an invigorating drink. Ocimum Sanctum can grow upto 75 cms in height. As the name suggests, this basil is bestowed with serrated leaves which are saber-like and ornamental. Avoid planting it too early in the springs. A customized soil mix can be created by mixing one third potting soil with one third organic matter (peat moss, compost or leaf mold) and one third … Custom Soil Mix. You have entered an incorrect email address! Add it to soups, sauces, fish and meat dishes as its a bit more spicier than a few other sweet basil varieties. The noticeable feature of cardinal basil is its striking red flowers and spicy scent. All types of basil belong to the botanical genus Ocimum. Vishnu Priya Tulsi – Ocimum Sanctum is a Latin term meaning ‘sacred fragrant lipped basil’; native to tropical Asia, this plant is more commonly referred to as Tulsi or ‘the incomparable one’ in Hindi. Well-draining soil with neutral soil pH is best for it. Purple Basil. A light potting mix that contains a high percentage of organic matter is best. Basil is a member of the Lamiaceae (Labiatae) family of plants. Japanese beetles can skeletonize the whole plant, be on a lookout for them. Clay, being natural, is perfect for plants in many ways. Just like the lemon basil, it is also one of the types of basil that is citrus flavored. Water persistently and mulch around the base so that soil retains moisture. This exotic looking dark purple foliage basil can enhance the beauty of your landscape. Propagating Basil. In a deep-dug bed, the plants grow about 18 (46 cm) high and as wide. Use fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. If required, flush the soil. It does not tolerate harsh cold weather. It prefers a warm climate and becomes a beautiful container plant. This variety is a bit cold tolerant and prefers 6-8 hours of direct sun. Napoletano Basil. Dark opal basil: Grow this type of basil to add some colours to your herb pots inside or outside. The leaves splashed with purple and green give this plant an appealing look. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Also known as Tulsi, it is revered in the Hindu religion for its medicinal and spiritual characteristics. Here are some of the most interesting benefits of Using Clay Pots for Plants... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved. It still remains true to the traditional … A striking plant in any edible landscape. Moisture needs: Well-drained soil. Water moderately to keep the soil evenly moist. This is another variety of the sweet basil. The Various Favourable and Beautiful Basil Varieties Available 1. This Basil is more of everything, i.e., it has a darker green shade; the leaves are … Keep the soil evenly moist in the initial stage when the plant is establishing. Here’s How to Protect Your Chickens from Foxes, Growing Tomatillos: The Complete Guide to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Tomatillos, When to Trim Your Bushes and 6 Important Tips to Do It Right, 30 Beautiful Succulent Planter Ideas to Display Their Full Glory. Grow it in a sunny spot and keep it well watered. See more ideas about Types of basil, Basil, Herbs. Here are some of its fantastic health benefits! Genovese Basil. Summerlong Basil falls in the Dwarf plant category. This is a compact variety of basil which grows in a bushy form as the name suggests. This variety of basil strikes has ornamental basil with a plant size 12 – 18 inches tall. Remove dead stems and foliage and debris after the growing season. Purple Basil. When talking about the different types of basil, most people are familiar with the sweet basil varieties used in Italian cuisine, but many different types of basil are used in Asian cooking as well. Beyond this, there are other interesting species to grow in the garden. Basil plants are one of the most popular herbs to grow and also one of the easiest. thyrsiflora or var. What are the varieties of basil? Bored with the similar display of green foliage herbs? Mexican Cinnamon Basil is my favorite basil. ... Fertilize your basil plant every 2 weeks with half-strength balanced liquid fertilizer during the growing season. With this, it will be effective in fighting damages that can be caused by free radicals. Because of its spicy flavor and fragrant aroma, it goes well in fruit salads and garnishes. The purplish stems and purple-veined leaves make it a showy plant. Basil, annual herb of the mint family, grown for its aromatic leaves. Read these basil growing tips. Thai basil is strong and bold, with a spicy, licorice-like flavor. Grow it in a sunny spot. Rich, moist and slightly acidic soil is optimum for planting. One of the best short basil varieties named after a sauce made by using basil, garlic, and olive oil known as Pistou sauce. It generally starts producing leaves within 30 to 60 days of sowing, in 60-90 days it fully matures. ‘Anise’): distinct liquorice-like aroma with spicy undertones. If that was not enough having it daily in the tea or chai will boost your immune system. All types of basil are very easy to grow, and most do very well in pots or window boxes, or even indoors on a sunny windowsill. This is also a sun-loving plant and requires moderate watering. Sweet basil is the most well-known and commonly grown basil, but there are a few other very useful and popular varieties. Leaves narrower and more pointed than sweet basil. Thai basil (O. basilicum var. It Contains Antioxidants: Red basil is an herb that is known for its high concentration of antioxidants. Plant species belonging to the family Lamiaceae They stand out for their long history as aromatic and medicinal herbs. Purple Basil. Although small, its evenly shaped leaves are still packed with flavor and are perfect for garnishing dishes. Needs full sun to flourish. This basil has a rich stunning colour having the prettiest fuchsia-hued flowers. Fertilizing. It is among the most popular basil varieties to grow and is used widely in cooking its tender, aromatic foliage. Download Basil plant stock photos. The stems and flower bracts range from pink to a rich, deep purple, with pale purple flowers. Plant in a good quality well-draining soil. Basil is likely native to India and is widely grown as a kitchen herb. It can grow up to two feet tall. To encourage branching, pinch terminal shoots. In hot climates, keep it in part sun. Sand helps the soil to drain the excess water. Water daily but not so much that the soil becomes soggy. Sweet basil is a medium green plant with round leaves. Holy Basil. That’s why it earns a well-deserved position in the ornamental gardens. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a member of the mint family. They are used in a variety of ways: as culinary … Maintain moisture in the soil during the growing season. The plant... 2. Don’t overwater the plant. You can grow a combination of both lemon and lime basils as they make a great pair. Reduce the fertilizer frequency if you see the overfertilization symptoms like browning leaf tips, wilting or yellowing lower leaves, and white crust of accumulated salts on the soil. Almost all basil varieties are cultivated as culinary herbs. Propagate it from cuttings. The most common type of basil is sweet basil; other types include purple basil (less sweet than common basil), lemon basil (lemon flavor), and Thai basil (licorice flavor). Space the plants 6-12 inches apart. This list of types of basil can’t end without adding this basil variety. Ideal for a lettuce wrap because the leaves are large, around 3-5 inches in size. It can tolerate a bit shady spot but still need part sun. It is closely identified with Italian cooking, although it is originally from India. With time it loses its aroma, so use it fresh. Beware of aphids, flea beetles, Japanese beetles, snails, and slugs. Avoid using the fertilizer with high nitrogen content. The fruity aromatic flavor of this basil is somewhat like wine with a tinge of pine. It bears spikes of large purple flowers, which make it well suited as the border plant. Originating from the regions of Naples (Itay), its extraordinarily large leaves are used for wrapping poultry, fish or cheese. In the growing season apply balanced fertilizer once a month. Flower production of basil plants should be discouraged. Tomatoes need to be pollinated, and the strong scent of basil is pollinator-friendly. Sow the seeds 0.25 inches deep and space them 10 inches apart. Requirements for Basil plant Basil is a plant of hot temperatures, and it can survive in the temperature up to 70 degrees Celsius. This variety of basil features large leaves with a medium green color and an aromatic scent. Of these, the most … Move outdoors only after the last frost has passed. Thai Basil. Sweet Basil. Choose a spot which receives around six of direct sun. Common varieties: sweet basil, purple basil, lemon basil, Thai basil, globe basil, cinnamon basil Basil is a warm-weather herb, which means it tolerates temperature between 80 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Popular in the cuisines of Southeast Asia–Thai basil has a touch of licorice with a strong flavor. The soil of the Basil plant should have a mixture of 70 percent soil and 30 percent sand. These latter two are generally held to be from the Greek name “Basilikon phuton”. Although, it is not as common as lemon basil. Install support such as stake if the plant gets too heavy. Just a couple of leaves are enough to add a spicy note to the Asian gourmets. Disclosure. For now, feel free to continue reading. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Basil is a warm weather plant the can be successfully grown indoors under the right conditions. Since it’s small in size, the Summerlong basil matures quite fast. Place the pot nearby a sunny windowsill so that it can enjoy in the direct sun. Purple basil has a striking dark burgundy color that provides excellent contrast in the … Prune it time to time to improve air circulation. However, the best known is the common basil (Ocimum basilicum) It is used for culinary and medicinal purposes. Exposure to direct sun or fluorescent light is necessary for optimum growth. Water routinely and avoid the soil from drying out completely. If you want to use companion planting to reap the most benefits, you need 2-3 basil plants per tomato plant. It grows up to four feet tall and has a fragrant, spicy aroma that wafts in wet wind. Check out our herb pruning tips to learn more. Another type of basil is tulsi, or holy basil (Ocimum santum). Growing Yacon: Best Varieties, Planting Guide, Care, Problems and Harvest, 6 Chemical-Free Gardening Techniques for a Healthy, Natural Garden, A Beginner’s Guide to Creating a Root Cellar Garden, Jicama Plant: Varieties, Growing Guide, Care, Problems, and Harvest, 10-10-10 Fertilizer: What It Is, and the Right and Wrong Way to Use It, Composting 101: The Basics of Turning Scraps into Nutrients for Your Garden, What Is Keyhole Garden, the Benefits, How to Plan and Build It, 4 Quick Ways to Save Tomato Seeds for Your Next Planting Season, Bitter Melon: Best Varieties, Growing Guide, Care, Problems, and Harvest, Foxes in the Henhouse? Leaf colors span from rich green to deep purple, with smooth or crinkled leaves… There are dozens of types of basil. ... Main types of basil. Basil , also called great basil, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints). The leaves are half the size of Genovese basils, but have a pronounced peppery cinnamon flavor. Sweet basil is available in many grocery stores, while other varieties have different tastes and fragrances. The characteristic feature of Genovese basil is the flatter and pointier leaves. ... Keep picking the leaves to keep the plant producing more. How to Spot and Get Rid of Scale on Your Garden Plants, Why You Should Grow Baby Vegetables, and How to Do It, How to Improve Garden Soil Fertility on the Cheap, Bone Meal Fertilizer: What You Need to Know to Make It Work in Your Garden, How to Spot and Get Rid of Carrot Rust Fly on Your Garden Plants. this also includes nettles and mint. Unlike other basils, it tolerates drought and poor soil. All true basil varieties are considered to be those that are a part of the Ocimum genus.Ocimum Basilicum, or sweet basil, is the most well known species of the basil plant.There are numerous cultural varieties of basil, such as purple basil and cinnamon basil, which are appreciated for their unique colors, smell and taste. Provide plenty of light and water. Growing around 25 inches tall, shiny leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve color flowers make it an excellent choice for flower arrangements. Holy basil, a natural antioxidant known for its medicinal properties, is also called Tulsi … Sow the seeds indoors and transplant after the passage of frost or sow directly in the garden when the temperature is warm enough. Stay tuned for the first newsletter in the morning, straight to your inbox. Its ancient history, especially with relation to Hinduism, makes it a holy plant not only because of the various mythological stories but also due to its innumerable health benefits. However, it cannot bear cold weather and die in freezing temperatures. The large wrinkled leaves of this basil resemble lettuce and are used broadly in salads and fresh dishes due to the mild and less aromatic flavor. Hardiness Zones: 2-11. The leaves are used fresh or dried to flavor meats, fish, salads, and sauces; basil tea is a stimulant. This type of basil is a nice option for those with a lack of space. Beware of frost if you plant this basil outdoors. And How Can You Prevent It? Plant Type: Annual herb of the mint family. 65 to 85 Degrees F is the optimum growing temperature. It can be used in salads, noodles, and pasta because of the mild flavor. May 22, 2019 - Explore Linda Claire's board "Types of basil", followed by 1281 people on Pinterest. The following is a list of types of basil. Vana tulsi (ocimum gratissum) It is woody type perennial, aromatic and sacred species of holy basil … Ocimum tenuiflorum (synonym Ocimum sanctum), commonly known as holy basil or tulsi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae.It is native to the Indian subcontinent and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the Southeast Asian tropics.. Tulsi is cultivated for religious and traditional medicine purposes, and for its essential oil.It is widely used as a herbal tea, commonly used in … Also Read: How To Grow Licorice (Mulethi). Apart from regular culinary uses, you can steep it in vinegar or oil to add color and aroma to the dishes. Common names for Basil include Saint Joseph’s Wort, King of herbs, Royal herb. Ocimum is the botanical Latin name, covering all the 35 + species and varieties. The leaves are intensely flavored, which its addition makes the soups and sauces more flavorful. To help it flourish you need to pinch it back. During the dry spells keep the plant well-watered. Ample watering with mulching around the base is what it needs. This is easily grown in tropical areas but can also thrive in countries with four seasons but must be in an outdoor garden during summer.
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